MUFON of Georgia Investigated Case Capsule
Date: July 4, 2010
Time: 10:30 PM
Location: Hoschton, Georgia
The evening of July 4, 2010 was a remarkable one in the field of UFO study as MUFON received, from across the US,
a large number of reports of red and orange “fireballs” or “balls of light” flying overhead. Many of those sightings
could not be explained by MUFON investigators.
An excellent example of those sightings took place near Hoschton, Georgia, which is located about 35 miles ENE
of Atlanta’s I-285 beltline. A couple in their 40s and their son, age 12, were driving home after watching a
nearby fireworks display. At about 10:30 PM local they were driving eastbound along GA Hwy 124 towards the
intersection with GA 332. At about 150 yards from the intersection, Mrs. G (pseudonym) noticed what she at first
believed was a tethered, red, lighted balloon ahead and slightly off to the right of their line of travel. It
appeared initially to be stationary. As they watched it began to move to their left, northward, toward their line
of travel. After stopping at the red light for Hwy 332 and seeing it continue to approach, coming directly towards
them, they turned left and then quickly turned right into a shopping center parking lot, between a hamburger-chain
restaurant and drugstore. All three family members immediately jumped out to watch, and Mrs. G and her son began
recording video using their cell phones.
As can be heard on the video files and as the witnesses later confirmed, no sound was heard at any time from
whatever was approaching. The witnesses used the term “fireball” to describe this unidentified light. It looked
to be roughly the size of a beach ball or exercise ball, perhaps two to three feet across, spherical, and
glowing red-orange. The fireball seemed to be either pulsating, or rolling, as a lighter yellow-white color
can be seen changing position on the red-orange ball as the object moves across the sky. The astonished family
watched and video-recorded the fireball as it glided steadily across the full width of the sky, moving from
roughly due south to due north. Again, no sounds were coming from the fireball, though the three were listening
intently for clues.
About the time Mrs. G closed her cell phone to end the video recording, Mr. G yelled out “Hey here comes another
one!” Immediately Mrs. G and her son both began video-recording this second fireball, seen to be coming from just
the same direction as the first. Its appearance was identical to the first fireball, as were its movement
characteristics: flat-level, smooth, steady, and “controlled,” using the witness phrase. Eventually, the second
fireball passed out of site after becoming obscured by trees blocking the view to the north. In all, the witnesses
estimated a duration of about 7 to 8 minutes from the time the first fireball began moving, to the second fireball
passing out of sight.
In the initial week after the sighting, checks with local police and Internet UFO reporting sites did not result
in any leads. The reported flight path should have taken the fireballs right over Interstate 85 near Braselton,
but no reports from anywhere nearby, or north of the sighting location, were found.
On July 17, 2010, MUFON investigators Howard and Ausmus interviewed the family for about 1-1/2 hours at the
sighting location. From re-enacting the sighting, a thorough understanding of both the sighting and the video
evidence was gained.
The information gathered from the witnesses and contained in the videos provided useful data for considering
possible explanations. Judging from their initial sighting of the first fireball as being “2-3 trees up” in
height, a UFO altitude estimate of 180 to 270 feet above ground would be reasonable. One of the videos was found
to have several reference points.
Using those reference points, as verified through re-enactment of the other video shoots, sighting and video
azimuths and elevation angles were determined. Those were then used to estimate the distance covered by the
fireballs as they crossed the sky. Using that distance and the time elapsed on the second-fireball videos, a
UFO speed of about 22 MPH was estimated. This was slower than the witness’ estimate of 35-40 miles per
hour (MPH), but was crucial for considering potential explanations.
The videos themselves do not, unfortunately, provide much direct information about the fireballs. As with
the video cameras in many cell phones, the video resolution the camera produces is about 180 pixels wide
by 145 pixels in height. Despite that, the pulsating or rolling appearance can easily be seen in both of the
two videos the reporting witness uploaded to CMS. (These are available to the public on MUFON’s website,
by going to the “Click Here for UFO Case Files” tab at upper right, then choosing “Search UFO Database;”
enter 7-4-2010 for the event date in both the “from” and “to” boxes.)
Many explanations were considered for the fireballs. Ball lightning is unlikely since there were no
thunderstorms anywhere near the sighting location that evening. The absolute lack of sound was a problem
for most man-made object explanations. While advanced or secret US military drones or other hardware cannot
(us usual) be entirely ruled out, no known aerial vehicles fit the description. The best mundane solution
would have been lighted balloons or Chinese lanterns.
To consider that idea, wind speed and direction data were reviewed. To start with, the witness’
recollections were that no wind was present. Observations taken at the nearest airport (Winder), located
about 8-1/2 miles south, showed winds from the SSW at 3.5 mph. However, Weather Underground had an
automated weather-data station much closer, located just 1.5 miles (7900 feet) to the SE. Between 10:22 and
10:46 PM, wind speeds recorded at 5 minute intervals ranged from calm (zero), to 1.4 to 2.8 mph, from variable
directions. No other wind data close to the sighting location could be found. Review of other nearby wind-speed
data, from both airports and automated stations, identified wind speeds from calm, up to 4 mph, from variable
directions. The estimated UFO speed of 22 MPH was derived in an intentionally-conservative manner, and the
actual speed could have been greater, but was almost certainly not less (i.e. not slower). Additionally the
fireballs were low, less than 300 feet above ground. Considering all of these factors together, the wind
information simply does not support any type of balloon explanation. Despite every effort, Georgia MUFON
investigators could find no credible explanation for this sighting. Conclusion: Unknown-Other (since no
solid-object or craft-like features were seen).
The witness’ comments in CMS provide a fitting summary: “It was no…balloon or fireworks. It was controlled: height
from the ground, MPH, path, everything. We were, all three, in awe and absolutely amazed. We kept asking, what
could it be? I am 45 and have never in my life had [witnessed] something so amazing that I could not come up
SOME type of explanation.”
MUFON of Georgia Investigated Case Capsule
Date: January 21, 2009
Time: 8:00 - 10:30 PM
Location: Blue Ridge, Georgia
Four witnesses watched a brightly lit globe with lights emanating from it for long periods totaling two and one-half hours. The object had a triangular upper section which rose and fell from the lower round base giving the appearance of a ball transforming to an inverted cone then back to a ball again. This action continued with small colored lights (red, green and yellow) orbiting the lower circular section. The entire object pulsated, irradiating light. It was about the size of a quarter dollar held at arm’s length.
During the sighting the object was observed while outdoors from two different locations with the naked eye, binoculars, and a Meade telescope, remaining stationary until about 10:30 PM. At that time, the object moved to the left about 5 degrees then came directly toward the reporting witness passing overhead moving from south to north. It traversed the distance from its standing location to the loss of visible contact in about one second. No sound was heard at any time.
While the distance to the lighted object is unknown, the distances between the two viewing locations versus the object’s similar azimuth-line position in the sky suggests a distance closer than one mile, where the presence of other homes could have led to more reports. If the UFO was about one-half mile distant, the globe-shaped object would be about 110 feet across; if one-quarter mile, 55 feet.
Active investigation by Georgia MUFON investigators could find no mundane explanation for what the witnesses observed. The number of credible witnesses, the fact that the UFO was seen from two locations, the long stationary period and the manner of the UFO’s disappearance make this an extraordinary case. The years 2009 to 2011 have produced similar sightings of lighted, round objects with smaller multi-colored balls of light orbiting them.